Adult sex community
Field research uncovered specific, targeted methods for managing sex offenders and led to insights that culminated in a detailed proposal -- a model containment process -- for the management of adult sex offenders serving community sentences.
Five-part model containment process The model process for managing adult sex offenders in the community is a containment approach that seeks to hold offenders accountable through the combined use of both offenders' internal controls and external control measures (such as the use of the polygraph and relapse prevention plans).
Many persons convicted of sexual assault felonies are sentenced to probation.
The distinctive characteristics of sex offenders and the unique trauma they inflict require use of more than routine, one-size-fits-all methods of supervision.
Under this philosophy, treatment and supervision modalities give priority to community protection and victim safety.
Orders for no contact with the victim are sought at the earliest opportunity.
How can sex offenders be managed in community settings in ways that enhance public safety and victim protection?
Key findings: The survey and field research yielded the following results and suggestions: o The most commonly reported special conditions for sex offenders on probation or parole were court- or officer-ordered treatment requirements and no-contact-with-victim provisions.
Most will return to the community, many supervised by parole officers.
In 1992, States paroled 7,382 prisoners convicted of sex offenses. In addition, many -- more in some States than others -- of those convicted of sexual assault felonies are sentenced to probation or to other forms of community supervision. For example, in Colorado in 1990, of those convicted of sexual assault (5 percent of all felony convictions), courts sentenced 60 percent to probation, 4 percent to halfway houses, and 36 percent to prison. In one notable area, Maricopa County, Arizona, about 500 of the 1,300 sex offenders on probation are serving lifetime probation sentences. Clinical practice and research, and data obtained from probation and parole officers nationwide, indicate that adults who commit sex crimes should be managed, treated, and supervised differently from other criminals.
Although community safety is the central purpose of sex offender management, characteristics of the sex offenders themselves dictate the form and style of treatment that will be most effective.
o Other aspects of the process are (1) collaborative strategies relying on intra-agency, interagency, and interdisciplinary teams to develop a unified approach to sex offender management; (2) consistent public policies supportive of sex offender-specific containment practices; and (3) quality control measures that include monitoring and evaluation to guide continuous improvement in sex offender management.
Target audience: Probation and parole officers and supervisors, treatment providers, victim services personnel, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, judges, social services personnel, State and local policymakers.
The accelerating influx of sex offenders into the criminal justice system further heightens the need for effective sex offender supervision and management practices, both in and out of prisons.